full velvet muley deer in full velvet
Donald M. Jones

Opening Day in America: Hunting in the West

Dreaming of elk? Wake up and get one. Plus, tips for Hungarian partridge, mule deer, and a pronghorn plan.

The Dream Bull

I’m lying on my back, afraid to move. The warning of never being more than a tuck and roll away from your rifle or bow is playing out before me. The breeze, or luck, must be in my favor, because whatever is in front of me sounds close—real close—and the shuffling of hooves and slurping of water has me guessing at all the possibilities. Then the smell hits me—that unmistakable, pungent, musty odor I’ve whiffed during so many close encounters. Elk.

"The scouting, training, and planning have all come down to this: day one of elk season. Are you ready?"

I slowly raise my head and separate my toes to peer between my boot caps. Two mature bulls are drinking from a mountain spring 25 yards away, unaware of the hunter who has just woken up from an opening-day siesta. Scenarios play out in my head, but the bottom line is the same: If I move, I’m busted; if I don’t move, I’ll fail.

Today’s hunt technically started at 4 a.m., though I’d been scouting for weeks, and last night I didn’t sleep a wink—partly because my truck’s back seat was not roomy enough to stretch out on, and partly because I was so fired up for opening day. I’ve explored every crack and crevice of this range, though I never get tired of sweating a little more to see what’s over the next rise.

bull elk northern rockies
Bugle from the Blue: A trophy bull elk screams at dawn in the Northern Rockies. The archery elk season opens on or before September 1 in many Western states, and in a few, the season kicks off during the first half of August.Mark Raycroft

The archery season in my part of the Rockies typically spans that time when it’s not exactly summer but not yet fall, and since this opener’s forecast called for heat, I had wallows and water on the brain. I knew if I hiked with purpose up one drainage, crossed a ridge, and sat overlooking the water holes and wallows feeding into the next drainage, I might have a chance.

I've spent months training for this hunt—mentally, physically, and logistically. Strong legs and lungs and a sharp mind fill tags. No matter how much you prepare, though, the risk, as it is with every opener, is running into hunters. In a last-ditch effort to dissuade tailgaters, I strategically placed my two kids' car seats in the back seat of my truck, hoping they'd scream, I'm a dad with young children looking for a little space to hunt—so piss off.

When I reached that first ridge, at the initial hint of daylight, I glassed down the drainage I had just hiked and didn’t see another headlight or headlamp. It’s taken a lot of time, money, and effort, but I’m where I want to be—alone, standing in the silence. Then I heard a bugle—a faint, throaty call, but a bugle all the same. I was still breathing heavily but attempted a half-hearted reply. Nothing answered back, so I pressed on.

I made camp 2 miles down the line on the only flat spot available at 8,500 feet. While the rest of the world clocked in to work, I glassed the neighboring basin while eating a bowl of instant oatmeal and spotted a loner spike, also eating breakfast alone. He looked up at my cow calls, but then vanished in the trees.

I eventually reached a freshwater spring I’ve sourced dozens of times. Fifty yards away, the trickle balloons into a wide, shallow wallow. When it’s too early to expect much rut activity, I’ve always found it best to sit patiently between the two and wait for an elk to come and drink, rather than bugle. A boss bull needs to be in its best shape possible before breeding, and that means drinking a lot of water.

The black bear and I didn’t see one another until it walked close enough to hit with a stick. I had a tag in my pack, but when I reached for my bow, he bolted. The adrenaline crash, fatigue, and comfort of the shade all hit me at once, and I drifted off—hard. Nearly an hour later, I woke up and realized I wasn’t alone. I assessed my situation. Had I been wiser, I would’ve napped behind a makeshift ground blind. Any one of the several fallen logs within eyesight would’ve helped to create a better outlook than the current view between my feet.

I wait for a moment to move, but there’s never a good window when you’re in the peripheral vision of an elk. As I roll to one side, a twig snaps. I freeze, but it doesn’t matter. The ruse is over. The last sight between my boot caps is of two yellow butts heading for higher ground.

I’m disappointed—but not defeated. There’s a lot of daylight left. Another water hole isn’t more than a quarter mile away, and it’s perfect for an afternoon ambush. Time to pick up the pace. Every joint in my body creeks and pops as I stand, secure my pack, grab my bow, and go. I can rest after elk

Ben Romans

alert bobcat
Cat's Eyes: An alert bobct stares in the direction of a hunter's call.Russell Graves

Call Up Some Claws

As you celebrate the start of another big-game season, remember that the opportunity to tag prize predators is likely already open in the West and can offer some big excitement if you fill your other tags early or just want to spend some time targeting clawed critters.

You’ll want to review the hunting regulations for your area closely, of course. But most Western states have long predator seasons with generous quotas and allow the use of electronic calls.

Be ready to take advantage of those regs by keeping a few predator calls in your pack or stashing a remote electronic caller in your vehicle. Pull them out at the conclusion of your big-game hunt or when there’s obvious evidence of predators in your area, like coyotes yipping in the distance.

Start by mimicking something small and suffering, such as a distressed fawn, calf, varmint, or rodent. Just be prepared for anything. Distress calls can attract bears, wolves, coyotes, foxes, bobcats, and lions. There's nothing quite like watching a coyote or wolf materialize in the timber or suddenly appear in the wide open, trotting right to you. I've also had bears come to my cow elk calls, and lions slip in on my coyote cries. You never know what might show up, and that's half the fun. —B.R.

partridge in grass
Bird Call: A partridge sounds off from early-fall grasslands.Donald M. Jones

Hunt Down the Huns

You know the old saw about fishing: 90 percent of the fish live in 10 percent of the water. It’s the same with Hungarian partridge on the High Plains. Faced with the enormity of the landscape, how do you narrow things down and put yourself in position to make hay on these tough, elusive, gloriously challenging gamebirds?

For guide and professional gun-dog trainer [Nolan Huffman of Lewis­town, Montana]­(https://www.beeline​­brittanys.com), opening-day success is a two-part recipe. “Early in the morning, when temperatures are comparatively cool, I like to hunt recently cut alfalfa fields,” Huffman says. “These spots are loaded with grasshoppers then, and Huns will feed on those hoppers for as long as they’re available.”

Then, as the temperature creeps up, Huffman changes his focus. “In the middle of the day,” he says, “I concentrate on brushy draws where the birds go for shade. They like to be close to water too, so if I can find brushy cover near a stock dam, I feel really good about my chances.”

Perhaps the ideal setup, though, is a seep coming out of a draw.

"That little extra moisture is usually enough to produce a patch of chokecherries," Huffman says. "And wherever you find water and shade in the same place, you're very likely to find Huns."—Tom Davis

full velvet muley deer in full velvet
The Fuzz: A huge velvet muley, in central Montana.Donald M. Jones

Get Up for Mule Deer

Most archery mule deer seasons open in late August or the first of September, and you can often get an over-the-counter tag if you’re willing to pack into the high-alpine backcountry. It won’t be easy, but there’s a good chance you’ll have velvet-clad bucks virtually to yourself.

Here’s your plan.

1. Bring the Big Glass

Many bachelor muley groups summer above the treeline before shedding velvet. You can cover the open ground by glassing from vantage points with binoculars, then switching to a spotting scope once you’ve located deer. The scope could reveal an unseen bedded buck, and it’ll leave few questions as to the size of the deer you’re stalking.

2. Get to Bed

Bucks will be on their feet and feeding just after first light, making them easy to find, and they’ll bed not long after sunrise. Watch them for an extra 15 or 20 minutes once they lie down to be sure they don’t adjust spots. Then plan a route to come in from above, and preferably behind, the bucks, using both the rising morning thermals and the wind to your advantage.

3. Use a Buddy

Note as many landmarks as you can so that you know when you’re getting close to a buck. If you’re hunting with a buddy, use hand signals that can be communicated through binoculars so that he can help steer you.

4. Wait for It

You're 35 yards away, on your knees, release on string, looking at a giant buck's fuzzy antlers. You just need him to stand up. Why, after working to stay undetected, would you throw a rock? Chill. Catch your breath. Let the buck stand when he's ready, and draw as soon as you see his rump rising to the sky. —Will Brantley

hunter standing behind pronghorn decoy
Fake Out: A hunter glasses from behind a pronghorn buck decoy.Dusan Smetana

Shoot the Gap for Pronghorns

The pronghorn rut might be the most underappreciated hunting experience in North America. If a big buck takes a break from chasing does at 50 mph, it’s because he’s seen another buck that needs a beating. Antelope take their loving seriously.

The best activity is from mid-September through early October, which coincides with many states’ muzzleloader and rifle openers. It’s also one of my favorite times to hunt with a bow. Getting within range of a buck during the rut can be a challenge. But with so many animals on the move, you can narrow the odds by taking a play from the whitetail hunter’s handbook.

pronghorn hunting setup
If a pronghorn buck takes a break from chasing does at 50 mph, it's because he's seen another buck that needs a beating.Mike Sudal

1. Find an Opening

Antelope do not like to cross fences. You’ll sometimes see a buck squeeze under barbed wire, but he’s just as likely to run alongside it for a mile until he finds an easier crossing. Fence gaps are deadly ambush points. Set a trail camera in a gap to see if good bucks are using it, or simply glass from a distance. The ideal scenario has small herds on both sides of the gap. Does will meander back and forth, and bucks on both sides will inevitably see and challenge one another.

2. Lie in Wait

Rifle hunters should set up within a couple hundred yards of the gap for a shot. Lie prone next to some cover, such as a yucca or two, and keep still. If you’re hunting with an open-sighted muzzleloader or a bow, erect a pop-up blind 30 to 50 yards from the fence gap. Though antelope use their eyes far more than their noses, they’ll spook if they smell you. So keep the wind in your favor as much as you can.

3. Run a Fake

If you're patient and there are antelope around, you can almost count on getting a shot at the fence gap. But you'll need to stretch or scratch something at some point during your wait, and that's probably when a buck you haven't seen will catch you moving. A pop-up Montana Decoy weighs next to nothing and can be deployed in a second or two (just be careful and check regs during firearms season). A deke might save you from being busted—and if you're lucky, bring your buck in on the run. —W.B.