industry. Last year, for example, a deal was struck between the Coastal Conservation Association, the Billfish Foundation, and the American Sportfishing Association, on one hand, and the Blue Water (long-line) Fishermen's Association, on the other, to phase out all long-lining in 160,000 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean south of North Carolina. While such agreements need Congressional approval if federal funds are used to buy out the long-liners, purse seiners, or trawler fishermen, saltwater anglers have far better rapport with politicians than they do with the biocrats of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). If the NMFS made a genuine effort to manage marine fisheries for anything approximating sustainable yields, there'd be no need for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to make end runs on the NMFS's authority. But since the NMFS has never evolved to a higher policy plane than the old Bureau of Commercial Fisheries it replaced 30 years ago, the NGOs have no choice but to make their own deals for the sake of saltwater angling's future.