Why Shotguns Are Better Than Rifles for Coyote Hunting | Field & Stream

Why Shotguns Are Better Than Rifles for Coyote Hunting

Twitching, spinning, and bouncing furry decoys in the booths at SHOT Show kept distracting me as I walked the aisles on my mission of spotting Important Hunting Trends. Finally, when I stopped at the Primos booth expecting to find new turkey calls but instead saw the simulated rear end of a feline with a lashing tail—the Primos Stray Cat ($100), one of many motion decoys designed to lure a coyote to its last meal—I realized just what the trend was.

“Predator calls and decoys are hot,” Primos’s Mike Powell told me. “If our predator hunting sales don’t pass turkeys this year, they will soon.”

Callers and decoys are hot items as predator hunting grows in popularity. Rifle makers have introduced new coyote models. Although shotgun makers other than Remington have been slow to react to the coyote craze, many shotgunners have not. Flambeau’s Tad Brown showed me his company’s new M.A.D. Dog Pounder choke ($130), designed for coyotes. Brown, an accomplished turkey hunter who has been coyote hunting since before coyote hunting was cool, made the case for hunting the predators with a shotgun.

Save Your Hide
Brown began hunting coyotes in the Ozarks 35 years ago, hunting at night with a shotgun. Even today in broad daylight, Brown always chooses shotguns when he hunts rough or brushy terrain. “Shotguns are easier to hit with at close range,” he says. “They’re better for shots at coyotes running to the call, or ones that have busted you and turn to run.”

As a hide hunter, Brown notes that shotguns do less damage to pelts than do most rifles. Anything bigger than a .204 Ruger risks leaving a large exit wound that lowers hide value, but even large buckshot doesn’t pass through. There’s another compelling reason to choose a shotgun: “It’s neat to see one come from a quarter mile away and you shoot it with a rifle at 200 yards,” Brown says. “But if you have to shoot one as it tries to run up your pant leg—that’s a real thrill.”

’Yote Loads
Brown carries a Remington 11-87 with a magazine extension, the Dog Pounder choke, and a Nikon 1.5X–5X scope on top. He loads it with Hevi-Shot Dead Coyote 00 buckshot, which contains 12 .33-caliber pellets. His second choice would be Remington’s 3-inch, 15-pellet load of lead 00. The maximum range of a coyote gun, he says, is the distance at which it will put five to seven pellets of 00 buck in a 30-inch circle.

Coyotes look big, but it’s a very large individual that comes close to 50 pounds, so in addition to testing the Hevi-Shot buckshot loads in my Remington 870 Super Mag, I also tried some Hevi-Shot T shot (52 .20-caliber pellets). I tested the loads in three different choke tubes: the Dog Pounder choke (.710-inch constriction, essentially Modified), a Carlson Black Cloud Medium Range choke (also .710), and a Carlson Dead Coyote choke (about .660, like a tight turkey choke).

Fifty-yard patterns were devastating with all three chokes, and that is the distance I’d prefer to shoot. I’d call 75 yards the outside range for my gun. I would go with the T shot and either of the Carlson chokes if I wanted pattern density. On the other hand, the Dog Pounder shot some of the best buckshot patterns I’ve seen, which were surprisingly good out to 75 yards.

The Setup
Typically, Brown puts his caller and decoy 80 yards crosswind of his stand. Coyotes usually circle downwind of the decoy to scan the area with their noses, and the setup is designed to bring them into Brown’s lap. “The decoy isn’t just an attraction,” he says. “It’s a distraction, too, that keeps the coyote’s eyes off me.” Shooting sticks help Brown steady his shotgun for long attempts when coyotes hang up. Just as important, they let him keep his gun up and ready, because coyotes, unlike turkeys, don’t gobble to tell you they’re coming.

Brown likes a head-on or quartering-on shot best, and he places the crosshairs on the coyote’s chest. For broadside chances, he shoots behind the shoulder to hit the lungs. If all he sees is the head peeking out of the brush at close range, that’s what he shoots. Some fatally hit coyotes require blood-trailing like a deer, but Brown says 80 percent of them fall over on the spot.

When a coyote is close, you should move only when it’s behind some brush or looking at a decoy. If one comes running in, bark—by mouth or on a call—to stop it. It works, some of the time. When barking doesn’t work to stop a close-in, running coyote, you kick yourself on the way to the truck if you brought a rifle. If you brought a shotgun, you carry a coyote out with you.


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