When you find an antler, write down its circumference, beam length, and the number of points. Mark the location on your topo map. If you find the shed of a large buck, in all likelihood you've found his core home range. The thickest, roughest, remotest areas are the ones that mature bucks will claim, and the only time the buck will not be around is during the rut, when males travel to find and breed does. Puzzle Pieces
Your next step is to determine why the buck was there. Examine the surrounding vegetation and terrain and study the map or an aerial photo. If you're in a thick, rough stretch of land away from roads, you might have found his primary bedding area. Look on the map for ridges, saddles, and funnels to see if you're on a major travel corridor. Also check for nearby fields, cutovers, swamps, and creekbottoms to see if you can determine where the deer came from and where he was going.