Whitetail IQ Test: Biology and Behavior

Find out how well you know your quarry's life cycle, habits, and tendencies.

Field & Stream Online Editors

1. When a yearling buck grows just spike antlers, it could be the result of
A. Poor quality habitat
B. Too many deer
C. Poor genetics
D. A late birth date
E. All of the above

2. Bucks that breed the most are
A. Those that have aggressive personalities
B. Those with the largest antlers
C. Those at peak physical form with fully developed bodies
D. Small spikes and forkhorns
E. A and C

3. Bucks rub trees to
A. Strengthen their neck muscles
B. Deposit scent
C. Shed velvet
D. Leave a visual clue of their presence
E. All of the above

4. **Rubs on small saplings about the thickness of your finger were probably made by
**A.
Yearling bucks
B. Middle-aged bucks
C. Mature bucks
D. Any of the Above

5. **Mature whitetail bucks will rub trees that
**A.
They've rubbed in previous years
B. Have been rubbed by other deer
C. A and B
D. None of the above

6. In terms of future antler growth, a spike buck is genetically inferior to a 6-point buck born in the same year.
True
False

7. **A mature doe that is not bred during the peak rut will enter another period of estrus
**A.
In three to five days
B. Two weeks later
C. 28 to 30 days later
D. 58 to 60 days later

8. Bucks bed closer to food sources in winter than they do in the early season.
True
False

** 9.** In which state are you most likely to see rutting behavior in January?
A. Mississippi
B. Montana
C. North Dakota
D. Pennsylvania
E. None-all rutting is over

10. Which factor(swill disrupt daytime rutting activity?
A. A major rainstorm or snowstorm
B. Hunting pressure
C. Warm temperatures
D. B and C
E. A, B, and C

11. A "staging area" is
A. A place where young bucks show off for does
B. The area around a scrape where actual breeding occurs
C. An intersection of trails near a bedding area
D. None of the above

12. A doe will remain in estrus for
A. One to two days
B. One week
C. Until it is bred
D. None of the above

13. Offspring from a top-end trophy buck may display just mediocre antlers.
True
False

14. Unseasonably warm weather can delay the onset of the rut.
True
False

15. Which is true of a short, intense rut?
A. Hunters will see more daytime deer activity
B. Fawn survival will be higher the next spring
C. It indicates a more balanced deer herd
D. All of the above

16. The grunt-snort-wheeze is a vocalization made by mature bucks when they perceive danger.
A. True
B. False

17. A deer can detect human odor and other scents best in what conditions?
A. A dry day
B. During a rainfall or snowfall
C. A humid day
D. In thick fog

18. Which color(s) is (are) a buck most able to see?
A. Blaze orange
B. Sky blue
C. Dark red
D. B and C
E. A, B, and C

19. A buck drops both its antlers at the same time.
A. True
B. False

20. Which of these sounds is the most difficult for a whitetail to pinpoint the source of?
A. A human voice
B. Another deer grunting
C. Antlers clashing together from a pair of fighting bucks
D. A rifle shot

21. In which state are you most likely to shoot a buck that field dresses over 250 pounds?
A. Texas
B. Florida
C. North Carolina
D. Missouri
E. Minnesota

22. When a deer holds its tail straight up with the hairs flared out widely, it is
A. Content
B. Alarmed and alerting other deer to possible danger
C. Signaling to other deer that they have entered its territory
D. Interested in breeding

23. Scent from the interdigital glands on a deer's feet is left
A. Whenever a deer walks
B. When it stomps its hooves in alarm
C. When it paws scrapes
D. All of the above

24. Which is true of a mature buck's tracks?
A. Toes will point inward
B. Prints from the back hooves will be placed outside those of the front hooves
C. They'll always be less than 2 inches wide
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

25. The territory a buck is most likely to defend is
A. His preferred bedding area
B. Anywhere in his core area
C. The perimeter of a scrape
D. The area around an estrous doe

26. Whitetails feed less during extended periods of severe winter weather.
True
** False**

27. The first major winter storm of the season is moving in. Whitetails will
A. Move and feed heavily six to 18 hours before it arrives, then bed down, moving again as soon as it breaks
B. Stay out feeding untilh state are you most likely to shoot a buck that field dresses over 250 pounds?
A. Texas
B. Florida
C. North Carolina
D. Missouri
E. Minnesota

22. When a deer holds its tail straight up with the hairs flared out widely, it is
A. Content
B. Alarmed and alerting other deer to possible danger
C. Signaling to other deer that they have entered its territory
D. Interested in breeding

23. Scent from the interdigital glands on a deer's feet is left
A. Whenever a deer walks
B. When it stomps its hooves in alarm
C. When it paws scrapes
D. All of the above

24. Which is true of a mature buck's tracks?
A. Toes will point inward
B. Prints from the back hooves will be placed outside those of the front hooves
C. They'll always be less than 2 inches wide
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

25. The territory a buck is most likely to defend is
A. His preferred bedding area
B. Anywhere in his core area
C. The perimeter of a scrape
D. The area around an estrous doe

26. Whitetails feed less during extended periods of severe winter weather.
True
** False**

27. The first major winter storm of the season is moving in. Whitetails will
A. Move and feed heavily six to 18 hours before it arrives, then bed down, moving again as soon as it breaks
B. Stay out feeding until