- The working end (aka the running end) is the end of the rope that is used to tie the knot. The rest of the rope is referred to as the standing part.
- A loop is formed when you place the working end of the rope over or under the standing part of the rope.
- A bight is made by doubling back any part of the rope against itself without crossing over.
- A knot is used to join two ropes together or a rope to itself.
- A hitch is used to fix a rope to another object. Some sources suggest a hitch is a type of knot, but a distinction is warranted for many.
- A bend is a type of knot used to join two lengths of cordage.
- Form a loop made near the working end of the rope. Consider that loop a "rabbit hole." Now take hold of your working end, "the rabbit."
- Push the "rabbit" up through it's "hole."
- The rabbit comes out of the hole and around a "tree" (the standing part of the rope). After rounding the tree, the rabbit goes back down the hole.
- Make two bights and put them next to one another.
- Pass the working end through the top bight and wrap it around both strands of cordage, ensuring the line does not cross on the way down.
- Push the working end through the opening of the bottom bight to finish the knot.
- Tighten up any slack by first pulling the top loop, then down on the remaining cordage.
- Form a loop that you lay upon the rope, pipe, etc. you are tying to.
- Wrap the cordage three times, inside the loop.
- Ensure that the turns lie next to one another and do not cross.
- Pull the knot tight.
- Bring the working ends of two ropes together. The working ends should be pointing in opposite directions of one another.
- Use one working end to tie an overhand knot around the other rope's working end. Then repeat those steps with the second piece of cordage.
- Tighten each individual knot, then slide the two knots together by pulling on each rope. Each knot serves as a stopper for the other.
- Tie two overhand knots, with the left over the right, then the right over left.
- Ensure that each working end exit exits with the standing end of its own rope.
Form a bight in the cordage and use it to make a "pulley" in the rope. The "pulley" can be a simple overhand loop, figure-8, or alpine butterfly.
Wrap the tail of the rope around a secure point, then back through the loop you created in step 1.
Finish securing the knot with two half hitches (see below) that are below the loop.
Use a half hitch with a bight for a quick release adaptation.
Take the working end of your cordage and pass it around your connection point (pole, tree, etc) then around itself.
Then pass the working end between the ropes to make one half-hitch. Remember, only one is very insecure.
Pass the working end around the rope again to make the second half hitch.
Dress up the half-hitches to remove any slack and push them together for something more secure.
Make a turn with your working end around the tree.
Cross over the standing part of the cordage.
Tuck the working end under the standing end of step 2 and pull tight.
With two pieces of the same rope in hand, place the one in your right hand on top of the one on the left.
Hold that with your left hand, as you do it again with a second loop.
Place the second loop behind the first loop.
Take a bight in the rope and wrap it around your point of anchor.
Ensure the loop goes under the standing part of the cordage.
Now place the loop over the top of the post, stake, etc.
Wrap the working end of your rope around your anchor points and then wrap several wraps around the standing part.
Tighten and cinch the result down to your anchor.
If you use this for dragging then repeat some half-hitches along the length for straighter dragging.