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If you’ve ever been in a hunting stand in the winter without the proper clothing and equipment needed to keep you warm, dry, and comfortable, you know that such an experience can ruin an otherwise great hunt. Even if you manage to bag a buck, you’re likely to remember your frozen fingers, toes, and nose far longer than you’ll remember the shot. If you want to stay warm while sitting in a deer stand, here are three things you’ll need.

Base Layer

These Merino wool base layer pants can help keep hunters warm and comfortable in even the coldest weather. MERIWOOL

A good base layer is the key to keeping your torso and lower body warm during cold-weather deer hunts. Layering is the simple process of adding clothing in layers to provide more insulation and keep the cold away from your body. Your base layer sits closest to your skin so it’s one of the most important layers of all. A good one will not only add a layer of insulation for warmth, but will wick moisture away from your skin if you sweat. That’s important because being dry and cold is always better than being wet and cold. The latter can lead to hypothermia.

Hand Warmers

These air-activated hand warmers stay warm for up to 10 hours. HotHands

When your hands seem to be frozen solid, it’s hard to enjoy hunting, much less be able to manipulate binoculars, rangefinders, or your gun’s trigger. Whether used by themselves or in conjunction with gloves, air-activated hand warmers are another important piece of cold-weather deer hunting gear you don’t want to leave at home. These single-use packs heat up when the wrapping is opened and the packs are exposed to air. Most will remain hot for 10 to 12 hours. Open the package and activate your hand warmers at the truck before walking to your deer stand, since it can take 15 to 30 minutes for them to reach maximum warmth.

Warm Socks

These warm socks are made from 80 percent Merino wool for maximum warmth and comfort. Alvada

Next to frozen hands, cold feet probably plague deer hunters more than any other body part. That’s because if your feet feel cold, you’ll likely feel cold all over. A good pair of thermal socks, worn under warm boots, can keep your feet comfortable in the coldest weather. Look for thick socks made of wool or manmade fibers like polyester. Wool is often warmer, but acrylic socks can wick sweat away from your skin, keeping your feet drier, therefore warmer. A thin pair of polyester/spandex blend socks worn under your wool hunting socks can add another layer of protection during extra cold hunts.