Two LeMat prototypes were produced in Philadelphia; the guns were made in France and Belgium. Serial number 1 was made by Belgium’s Francotte. In all, about 2,500 full-size LeMats, and about 100 percussion Baby LaMats, were made, most of which made it to Confederate forces, the sole users of the gun during the Civil War. The French also used a cartridge model of the LeMat in the Franco-Prussian War, giving it an 0–2 record in major conflicts, although it was never produced in large enough numbers to make a difference one way or the other. There was also a carbine version, which was even scarcer than the handgun, with fewer than 20 ever made.