Trout of the World

Arctic Char - Lock Brodainn, Scotland
Izaak Walton mentions this char in The Compleat Angler (1653): "There is a fish that they in Lancashire boast very much of, called a char...I do not know whether it make the angler sport, yet I would have you take notice of it, because it is a rarity, and of so high esteem with persons of great note.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Miyabeiwana - Lake Shikaribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan
A distinct form of Dolly Varden trout in Japan is that from Shikaribetsu Lake in Hokkaido, known locally as miyabeiwana. This fish has the wavy markings characteristic of some Dolly Vardens. Such markings are seen on landlocked forms of Arctic char, like the blueback of northern Maine.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Marble Trout, Spawning Colors - Zadlascica River, Soca Tributary, Slovenia
In a valley between the Julian Alps runs a turquoise river called the Soca, where the marble trout, one of the largest European salmonid species, lives. A 50-pound specimen hangs in the hotel in the village of Kobarid on the Soca. Anglers will sometimes lose a hooked grayling to the ambush of a big marble trout.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Mongolian Taimen - Orhon River, Mongolia
The Eurasian huchen--also known in Russian as taimen--is the largest salmonid fish in the world. Specimens of the eastern subspecies have been recorded in excess of 200 pounds and up to 55 years old. Mongolians are beginning to see the value in preserving their taimen rivers as tourist destinations for western flyfishers.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Male Stream-Resident Dolly Varden Char - Chukotka, Russia
The Dolly Varden is native to eastern Russia and northern Japan, from Chukotka throughout the Kamchatka Peninsula, and on the island of Hokkaido. It appears in many forms, with equally diverse patterns of spots and colors. The Kamchatka Dolly Varden is nearly identical to those found across the Bering Sea in Alaska.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Ferox Trout - Lough Melvin, Ireland
In Lough Melvin, Ireland, the ferox is by far the largest of the three trout species in the lake. A cult of angling has developed around this fish. One local tale claims that the ferox is a hybrid between a trout and a pike. The Scottish ichthyologist Ron Greer maintains that the ferox is, indeed, a unique species of brown trout.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Cutthroat Trout - Shantar Islands, Sea of Okhotsk, Russia
In Kamchatka and its neighboring islands, trout have been caught with characteristic cutthroat markings, orange-red slashes under the jaw. But their true genetic status as a cutthroat is still debated. Just as North American rainbow trout are thought to have origins in Russia, our cutthroat might arise from a Kamchatkan strain.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Masu - Taiwan
The southernmost range of the masu, or cherry salmon, is a small population on Taiwan in the mountain headwaters of the Tachia River. This rare landlocked salmon, vigorously guarded by the Taiwanese, is among the southernmost native salmonids in the world (along with native Mexican trout at or below 24 degrees north latitude).
Field & Stream Online Editors
Caspian Sea Trout - Azerbaijan
Diverse strains of brown trout once roamed the vast Caspian Sea, the most remarkable of which spawned in the Kura River. This strain was once one of the largest trout in the world; one specimen reached 112 pounds. Because of the polluted state of the Caspian Sea, most of these sea-run fish are now gone.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Tigris Trout - Catak Cay, Eastern Turkey
This little-known trout of the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in eastern Turkey is thought to have moved in from headwaters of the Mediterranean, Caspian, and Black Sea basins during postglacial times. These fish could be some kind of genetic hybrid of earlier populations, but nobody knows.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Brown Trout - Ligvan River, Iran
In the mid-1970s, the Colorado Division of Wildlife began a personnel exchange program with the Commission of the Environment in Iran (the Shah was still in power). The main American envoy, Barry Nehring, lived in Iran for four years. There he discovered this unique trout near Tabriz with fine, mostly red spots.
Field & Stream Online Editors
White-Spotted Char (or kundzha) - Zhupanova River, Kamchatka, Russia
The white-spotted char is native from the western part of the Bering Strait to the islands of Japan and mainland Far East Russia as far south as Vladivostok. The Japanese have been flyfishing for these char since the 15th century using floating flies on the end of a braided horsehair line tied to a bamboo wand.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Atlantic Salmon, Spawning Colors - Ponoi River, Kola Peninsula, Russia
The Atlantic salmon is genetically most like the brown trout and is therefore classified under the same genus, Salmo. Its native range extends from New England and eastern Canada to Iceland, down to Spain and onward to Russia. Perhaps the best fishing for salmon is in Iceland and on the Kola Peninsula of Russia.
Field & Stream Online Editors
Brown Trout - River Lathkill, Derbyshire, England
English writer Charles Cotton frequented a small jewel of a stream called the Lathkill, writing in 1676 that it "breeds the reddest, and the best Trouts in England. In the summer of 1996 I visited the Lathkill. Under a bridge I saw three large trout finning in the crystal-clear water; indeed, their sides were bright red.
Field & Stream Online Editors

About the Artist - James Prosek

James Prosek's book, Trout of the World, is the culmination of seven years' international travel in search of as many trout species as he could find. "I could have painted 500 trout because there are just so many species worldwide," Prosek says. "Ultimately I chose 100 fish that I thought were particularly beautiful or different." Prosek began his work on Trout of the World as a quest to find the brown trout of the Tigris River, in Turkey. But his artistic and angling passions carried him across Europe, to the Far East, and into the Pacific. Ultimately he created a catalog of trout unlike any other in art or angling history.
--The Editors

For more, visit his web site at www.troutsite.com