These lands were part of what were called "sagebrush focal areas," the product of more than 15 years of work done by state and federal biologists to identify the best sage grouse habitat—nesting, feeding, and wintering areas, and dancing grounds (called leks) where mating birds engage in a bizarre ritual that has impressed human beings for as long as human beings and sage grouse have been acquainted. The Obama plan, signed in 2015, was the result of one of the most extensive and intense collaborations between the energy industry, livestock grazers, conservationists, and wildlife biologists in history. It was also the reason that the sage grouse—whose numbers have declined drastically over the past 50 years (I wrote about it 10 years ago here in Field & Stream)—was not placed on the federal Endangered Species List. The fact that the big, ungainly, and iconic gamebird of the Western sagebrush country was not officially listed as endangered, with all the land-use restrictions that would have followed, was viewed as a triumph by many. The states and the feds, industry and conservationists, all worked together in good faith, and a plan was hammered out that, it was believed, would ensure the future survival of the bird without the heavy hammer of the Endangered Species Act. The Obama plan was a hard-fought compromise; many environmentalists felt that it did not go far enough, and some energy industry advocates decried the restrictions on development in the sagebrush focal areas.