**Stand location. **Since grandstands are fixed in one spot, they must be located where deer routinely travel. Typical locations are a creek crossing, a saddle between two ridges, a tree line between two woods, and an oak glade or apple orchard where deer feed. Scout thoroughly before building a new stand! (After a new stand is built, deer will become accustomed to it.)
Driving nails into trees. Don't drive nails into trees that have commercial value unless you have the landowner's permission to do so. Instead, build your grandstand in trees that aren't likely to be harvested. (Most public areas prohibit nailing permanent stands in trees. Check local regulations.)
Stand safety. Build your grandstand from new pressure-treated lumber. Frame the floor in doubled 2x4s for extra strength. Fasten the frame securely into the tree with long, heavy spikes or lag bolts. Construct the floor from 2x4 studs cut to fit and nailed edge-to-edge. Leave 1/4-inch spaces between these boards for drainage and ventilation. Build a reinforced rail to prevent falls and provide a stable shooting rest.
Camouflage. Screen your grandstand with camo netting or brush nailed to the shooting rail and floor. A well-camouflaged stand will allow a hunter more freedom of movement, which greatly increases his comfort factor.
** Conveniences.** A hunter is limited only by his imagination in this category. Start with a padded seat with a strong back support. A roof is wonderful in foul weather. Add hooks to the shooting rail or tree to hang a backpack, binoculars, urinal, and other gear. Add a few luxuries each year, but stop before the tax assessor classifies your stand as a second home
** Soundproofing**. Soundproof everything! If it squeaks, oil it. If it clanks or scrapes, cover it. Nail strips of all-weather carpet to the floor and shooting rail. The goal is to be soundless when sitting in yourr grandstand. Then, if the wind is favorable, the deer won't know you're there.