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AnswersASK YOUR QUESTION

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Q:
Quick question; What is the difference between Modified choke and improved cylinder choke in a shot gun? The tightest is Full then what to what? Which is best at what ranges. I have an older 870 in 12Gauge. I don’t use a shot gun enough (hardly at all) to have a need to remember. Until I need to remember.

Question by RockySquirrel. Uploaded on October 30, 2012

Answers (9)

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from Ron16701 wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Rocky, the best answer I can give you is,full choke,then modified,then improved cylinder.Full choke being the most constricting to cylinder bore being "choke less".I'm not sure where trap and skeet chokes fall into the line as I don't shoot either.I hope this helps some.

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from Ron16701 wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Rocky, the best answer I can give you is,full choke,then modified,then improved cylinder.Full choke being the most constricting to cylinder bore being "choke less".I'm not sure where trap and skeet chokes fall into the line as I don't shoot either.I hope this helps some.

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from 99explorer wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Full choke throws a 75% pattern, modified throws a 67% pattern, improved cylinder a 57% pattern and cylinder 40%. Those percentages represent the number of pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards.
The short answer to your question is 10%.

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from ITHACASXS wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

All good answers. Remember, however, it's good (wise, really) to pattern your shotgun so you can see for yourself, as some chokes aren't as tight or as open as is stamped on the barrel. there are many web sites that can assist you with that if you need help, unless of course, you don't care. My father and Grandfather never cared and they have shot a lot of game.

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from DakotaMan wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Good answers! The full choke will be effective at the longest distance. You can shoot larger shot like #4 and have a dense enough pattern to knock down a pheasant at 40 yards. The broader chokes like the cylinder and improved cylinder are good for shooting quail at 20 yards before they dissappear in the brush with small shot like #7 1/2. These chokes are also great for skeet shooting. The modified choke is between these and is good for all general hunting. It is capable of hitting ducks and pheasants at 30 yards or so with larger shot.

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from Treestand wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

99E you are Spot-on as always...But Extra-Full throws 85% at 40 yards.

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from Ncarl wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Good answers above that preaty much cover it. There are a lot of diffrent types of choke tubes out there other than full mod. and imp. and it realy depends on the game your hunting as far as choke choice.

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from FirstBubba wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

For Ron16701
Trap is normally shot with a "full" choke.
Skeet is shot with a, well, "skeet" choke.
Skeet choke falls roughly in the same area as "imp cyl"
DakotaMan is spot on. Modified is a very good "all around" choke.
Hunting quail, I prefer either "imp cyl" or "cyl" with low brass #9's. Plenty efficient for taking quail and any other close flushing "game bird". I wouldn't suggest that combo for squirrel.

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from Ncarl wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

FirstBubba, With trap it depends on what dicepline you are shooting. Most people shoot a modified for singles a full for handicap (if you are shooting at a significant handicap) and a modified for the first shot and a full for the second for doubles.

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from Ron16701 wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Rocky, the best answer I can give you is,full choke,then modified,then improved cylinder.Full choke being the most constricting to cylinder bore being "choke less".I'm not sure where trap and skeet chokes fall into the line as I don't shoot either.I hope this helps some.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from 99explorer wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Full choke throws a 75% pattern, modified throws a 67% pattern, improved cylinder a 57% pattern and cylinder 40%. Those percentages represent the number of pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards.
The short answer to your question is 10%.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from ITHACASXS wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

All good answers. Remember, however, it's good (wise, really) to pattern your shotgun so you can see for yourself, as some chokes aren't as tight or as open as is stamped on the barrel. there are many web sites that can assist you with that if you need help, unless of course, you don't care. My father and Grandfather never cared and they have shot a lot of game.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from Treestand wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

99E you are Spot-on as always...But Extra-Full throws 85% at 40 yards.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from DakotaMan wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Good answers! The full choke will be effective at the longest distance. You can shoot larger shot like #4 and have a dense enough pattern to knock down a pheasant at 40 yards. The broader chokes like the cylinder and improved cylinder are good for shooting quail at 20 yards before they dissappear in the brush with small shot like #7 1/2. These chokes are also great for skeet shooting. The modified choke is between these and is good for all general hunting. It is capable of hitting ducks and pheasants at 30 yards or so with larger shot.

+1 Good Comment? | | Report
from Ncarl wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Good answers above that preaty much cover it. There are a lot of diffrent types of choke tubes out there other than full mod. and imp. and it realy depends on the game your hunting as far as choke choice.

+1 Good Comment? | | Report
from FirstBubba wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

For Ron16701
Trap is normally shot with a "full" choke.
Skeet is shot with a, well, "skeet" choke.
Skeet choke falls roughly in the same area as "imp cyl"
DakotaMan is spot on. Modified is a very good "all around" choke.
Hunting quail, I prefer either "imp cyl" or "cyl" with low brass #9's. Plenty efficient for taking quail and any other close flushing "game bird". I wouldn't suggest that combo for squirrel.

+1 Good Comment? | | Report
from Ncarl wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

FirstBubba, With trap it depends on what dicepline you are shooting. Most people shoot a modified for singles a full for handicap (if you are shooting at a significant handicap) and a modified for the first shot and a full for the second for doubles.

+1 Good Comment? | | Report
from Ron16701 wrote 1 year 24 weeks ago

Rocky, the best answer I can give you is,full choke,then modified,then improved cylinder.Full choke being the most constricting to cylinder bore being "choke less".I'm not sure where trap and skeet chokes fall into the line as I don't shoot either.I hope this helps some.

0 Good Comment? | | Report

Post an Answer