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Q:
How significant of a difference is there between a 20 and 12 gauge in range and power?

Question by jaredrobbins. Uploaded on December 08, 2010

Answers (7)

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from machinegunner wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

8 gages LOL could not resist that sorry, too funny.

with so many different loads for different game there are many side by side comparisons.

personal pref. cost of ammo, knock down power.

I know that I would not carry a pump 20 into a fight, my girl is a 12, when I'm kockin on the front door.

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from 99explorer wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

Not enough to notice in the hands of a competent upland game hunter, and the twenty is usually built on a smaller frame, making it much easier to carry. I would choose the twelve gauge for waterfowl, however, despite more noticeable recoil. I need all the help I can get there.

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from Sourdough Dave wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

Within practical hunting range the difference is more a matter of the number of pellets in the pattern and thus on the target.

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from Clay Cooper wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

In my younger days, that old 410 bolt action I was hell with!

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from PAShooter wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

I prefer using my light 20 gauge for upland game over my dog. I am satisfied with its performance. However, I cannot find shells that match the performance of the 12 gauge in speed. I like to shoot 1 oz. lead out of the 20, and 1 1/2 oz. of the 12. I can only locate shells in the 1250 fps range in the 20 gauge and the 12 gauge offers about 200 fps faster. So, when I hunt with other hunters I prefer my 12 gauge for better range. I'm talking 2 3/4" here, but the 3" usually add more BBs and not speed.

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from DakotaMan wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

In my experience, they are about the same range and game getting effectiveness. If the hunter puts the center of the pattern on the target, they both do fine. The 12 gauge will get more pellets in the pattern and this can result in more game but that is debatable. My lifetime buddy has shot a 20 gauge his whole life and always outshot all the 12 gauges in the blind. His secret was hitting the ducks, not shooting bigger shells. Regarding range, he consistently shot ducks that I would not even aim at with my 12 gauge because I thought they were too far. In fact, both our shotguns were capable of killing a duck at that range, it was just that he knew how to lead them for a great hit.

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from wildthing862 wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

A 12 gauge has more power than a 20 gauge.

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from 99explorer wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

Not enough to notice in the hands of a competent upland game hunter, and the twenty is usually built on a smaller frame, making it much easier to carry. I would choose the twelve gauge for waterfowl, however, despite more noticeable recoil. I need all the help I can get there.

+3 Good Comment? | | Report
from machinegunner wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

8 gages LOL could not resist that sorry, too funny.

with so many different loads for different game there are many side by side comparisons.

personal pref. cost of ammo, knock down power.

I know that I would not carry a pump 20 into a fight, my girl is a 12, when I'm kockin on the front door.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from Sourdough Dave wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

Within practical hunting range the difference is more a matter of the number of pellets in the pattern and thus on the target.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from DakotaMan wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

In my experience, they are about the same range and game getting effectiveness. If the hunter puts the center of the pattern on the target, they both do fine. The 12 gauge will get more pellets in the pattern and this can result in more game but that is debatable. My lifetime buddy has shot a 20 gauge his whole life and always outshot all the 12 gauges in the blind. His secret was hitting the ducks, not shooting bigger shells. Regarding range, he consistently shot ducks that I would not even aim at with my 12 gauge because I thought they were too far. In fact, both our shotguns were capable of killing a duck at that range, it was just that he knew how to lead them for a great hit.

+2 Good Comment? | | Report
from PAShooter wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

I prefer using my light 20 gauge for upland game over my dog. I am satisfied with its performance. However, I cannot find shells that match the performance of the 12 gauge in speed. I like to shoot 1 oz. lead out of the 20, and 1 1/2 oz. of the 12. I can only locate shells in the 1250 fps range in the 20 gauge and the 12 gauge offers about 200 fps faster. So, when I hunt with other hunters I prefer my 12 gauge for better range. I'm talking 2 3/4" here, but the 3" usually add more BBs and not speed.

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from wildthing862 wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

A 12 gauge has more power than a 20 gauge.

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from Clay Cooper wrote 3 years 18 weeks ago

In my younger days, that old 410 bolt action I was hell with!

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